Impact of feed additives SUBACIL-1 and SUBACIL-2 on productivity of chicken-broilers

  • M. A. Abdulzhanova Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • I. S. Savitskaya Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • A. S. Kistaubayeva Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • A. B. Zhabakova Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Abstract

One of the most important problems of probiotics production is the development of non-waste technologies, in particular, usage of microbial cultures fugate. In conventional technology, it must be disposed of after the intensive heat treatment in drains. The fugate does not contain bacteria, but rather products of their metabolism and biosynthesis, which may have therapeutic, preventive and growth-stimulating effects. The above mentioned fact shows the relevance of the development of non-waste technology of feed probiotics of the genus Bacillus and their metabolites. In al-Farabi Kazakh National University, at Biotechnology Department of Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology were obtained experimental samples of probiotic feed additives – SUBACIL. SUBACIL-1 is lyophilized biomass of Bacillus subtilis P-2 containing 9х1012 spores in 1g. SUBACIL-2 is a combined feed probiotic comprising metabolites of B.subtilis P-2 immobilized on sunflower meal with addition of soya flour hydrolyzate. In this study was investigated the impact of feed additives SUBACIL-1 and SUBACIL-2 for growing of broiler chickens, in accordance with the following factors: changes of body weight, average daily gain and safety of the birds. The addition SUBACIL-1 of feeding for broilers increases the productivity of poultry meat by 11%, SUBACIL-2 – 9%. The use of new additives during the growing period is accompanied by the increase in average daily gain. When using of SUBACIL-1 daily gain is by 9.7% more than that of control group and 2.4% while using of SUBACIL-2. The introduction of these additives allows gaining 90% (SUBACIL-1) and 85% (SUBACIL-2) preservation of livestock. The greatest efficiency index was 214.94.

Author Biographies

M. A. Abdulzhanova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology
I. S. Savitskaya, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology
A. S. Kistaubayeva, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology
A. B. Zhabakova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology

References

1. Ricca E., Henriques A.O. and Cutting S.M., Eds EU regulations on bacillary probiotics for animal feeds In: Bacterial Spore Formers: Probiotics and Emerging Applications // Horizon Bioscience. – Norfolk, 2004. – P. 221–227.

2. Hume, M.E. Historic perspective: Prebiotics, probiotics, and other alternatives to antibiotics // Poult. Sci. – 2011. – Vol.90. – P. 2663–2669.

3. Smirnov V.V., Podgorskij V.S., Kovalenko N.K. Probiotiki na osnove zhivyh kul’tur mikroorganizmov // Mikrobiol. zhurn. – 2002. – T. 64. – №4. – S. 27-34.

4. Tohtiev A. G. Effektivnost’ vozdejstviya probioticheskogo preparata na osnove soevogo moloka v sochetanii s dobavkami pektinovyh veshchestv na produktivnost’ i myasnye kachestva cyplyat-brojlerov // Avtoref. dis. kand. s-h. nauk. – Vladikavkaz, 2005. – S. 25.

5. Osipova I. G., Sorokulova I. B. Bezopasnost’ sporovyh probiotikov: sovremennye aspekty // Probiotiki, prebiotiki, sinbiotiki i funkcional’nye produkty pitaniya. Fundamental’nye i klinicheskie aspekty: Tezis. Mezhd. Kongres. – SPb. – 2007. – S. 59.

6. Osadchaya A. I., Kudryavcev V. A., Safronova JL A. i dr. Vliyanie istochnikov pitaniya na sintez ehkzopolisaharidov i aminokislot shtammami Bacillus subtilis // Mikrobil. zhurn. (Kiev). – 2009. – № 5. – S. 56-63.

7. Smirnov V.V., Sorokulova I.B., Pinchuk I.V. Bakterii roda Bacillus – perspektivnyj istochnik biologicheski aktivnyh veshchestv //Mikrobiol. zhurn. – 2001. – T. 63, № 1. – S.72-77.

8. Ochoa-Solano J., Olmos-Soto The functional property of Bacillus for animal feeds // Food Microbiol. – 2006. – Vol. 23. – P.519-525.

9. Bondarenko V. M. Metabolitnye probiotiki: mekhanizmy terapevticheskogo ehffekta pri mikroehkologicheskih narusheniyah // Consilium medicum. – 2005. – № 1. – S. 36-45.

10. Rajput, I.R. and W.F. Li. Potential role of probiotics in mechanism of intestinal immunity // Pak. Vet. J. – 2012. – Vol. 32. – P. 303–308.

11. Klose V. Characterization of bacteria of the intestinal chicken microenvironment // Book of abstracts XXI1 World’s poultry congress. – 2004. – P. 731.
Published
2015-12-27
How to Cite
ABDULZHANOVA, M. A. et al. Impact of feed additives SUBACIL-1 and SUBACIL-2 on productivity of chicken-broilers. International Journal of Biology and Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 4-8, dec. 2015. ISSN 2409-370X. Available at: <http://ijbch.kaznu.kz/index.php/kaznu/article/view/181>. Date accessed: 25 june 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.26577/2218-7979-2015-8-2-4-8.

Keywords

feed additive; Bacillus subtilis P-2; fugate; SUBACIL