Researching effective catalysts on metal blocks for neutralization of exhaust gases of vehicles

  • Y. A. Aubakirov Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • L. R. Sassykova Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • E. B. Starikov Chalmers University of Technology

Abstract

Catalysts on metal block carriers were prepared and used in laboratory tests and in the conditions of actual operation. Stability of the carrier and the active phase of the catalysts to poisoning by water vapour was examined. Such poisoning of catalysts promoted with Pt is reversible and the catalysts are again activated by heating at T = 300oC under a stream of dry air for 4 h. The experiments by defining of possibility of interaction of NO with the soot supported on the block catalysts was investigated. Full-size catalyst samples were tested at the diesel engine – generator of Kama Automobile Plant truck running on diesel fuel and at the stand on the basis of diesel generator capacity of 4 Kv. Application the catalytic neutralizer of the fulfilled gases resulted in decrease in harmful emissions in comparison with the engine without neutralizer: in case of Kama Automobile Plant on a mode of the minimal idling (800 rev./min.) efficiency of neutralizer has made on NOx-59.0 %, CxHy-86.0%, CO-99.0%; in case of a stand a degree of cleaning from CO was 100%, hydrocarbons – 99.0%, nitrogen oxides – 61.9%.

Author Biographies

Y. A. Aubakirov, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical technology
L. R. Sassykova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical technology
E. B. Starikov, Chalmers University of Technology
Department of Physical Chemistry
Published
2017-09-11
How to Cite
AUBAKIROV, Y. A.; SASSYKOVA, L. R.; STARIKOV, E. B.. Researching effective catalysts on metal blocks for neutralization of exhaust gases of vehicles. International Journal of Biology and Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 45-50, sep. 2017. ISSN 2409-370X. Available at: <http://ijbch.kaznu.kz/index.php/kaznu/article/view/260>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2017.
Section
Chemistry