RS2710102 POLYMORPHISM OF THE CNTNAP2 GENE IS RELATED TO AUTISM SUSCEPTIBILITY IN A KAZAKHSTANI POPULATION

Authors

  • A. Perfilyeva Institute of Genetics and Physiology
  • K. Bespalova Institute of Genetics and Physiology; al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • G. Abylkassymova Institute of Genetics and Physiology
  • B. Bekmanov Institute of Genetics and Physiology; al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • L. Djansugurova Institute of Genetics and Рhysiology

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26577/ijbch.2022.v15.i1.02

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) represent serious mental development disorders characterized by deficits in verbal and non-verbal communication, reciprocal social interactions and stereotypical behaviors. Genetically determined pathologies of neurodevelopment and synaptic functioning are increasingly considered to be a cause of ASDs. Contactin associated protein-like 2 (CNTNAP2) gene encodes a protein, which plays an essential role in brain development. Genetic variations in the CNTNAP2 gene can perturb its functions, contributing to the genetic predisposition to ASDs. The study aimed to investigate an association of the CNTNAP2 rs2710102 with ASDs in a Kazakhstani population. The study involved patients diagnosed with ASDs and healthy controls of Kazakhstani origin. PCR-RFLP assay was used for the genotyping rs2710102 CNTNAP2 SNP. The distribution of the rs2710102 genotype was under the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in both cases and controls. C allele and СС genotype were associated with a significantly increased risk of ASDs (OR = 3.04, 95% CI = 1.96-4.72, p<0.001 and OR = 6.41, 95% CI = 2.47-16.63, p<0.001, respectively), which was also confirmed for males (OR = 2.25, 95% CI = 1.23-4.10, p=0.007 and OR = 2.95, 95% CI = 1.06-8.18, p=0.029, respectively) and females (OR = 4.75, 95% CI = 1.91-11.77, p<0.001 and OR = 7.20, 95% CI = 0.89-58.53, p=0.002, respectively). In contrast, there was no statistically significant association of the rs2710102 with deficits of verbal communication in ASD patients. The obtained results provide the first significant link between rs2710102 CNTNAP2 and autism susceptibility in Asian populations.

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How to Cite

Perfilyeva, A., K. Bespalova, G. Abylkassymova, B. Bekmanov, and L. Djansugurova. 2022. “RS2710102 POLYMORPHISM OF THE CNTNAP2 GENE IS RELATED TO AUTISM SUSCEPTIBILITY IN A KAZAKHSTANI POPULATION”. International Journal of Biology and Chemistry 15 (1):11-19. https://doi.org/10.26577/ijbch.2022.v15.i1.02.