Mutagenic activity of cadmium chloride on the genetic variability of soft wheat

  • Zh. Zh. Chunetova Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
  • K. K. Shulembayeva Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
  • A. I. Zhussupova Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
  • B. Omarova Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan

Abstract

The action of the chemical compound – CdC12 on soft wheat varieties resulted in plant modifications on a number of qualitative and quantitative traits. Genetic analysis conducted on the basis of reciprocal crosses showed that the inheritance of altered traits in mutants is independent of the direction of crossing. Modification of habitus and phenotypes of mutant plants is accompanied by a violation of cell division in meiosis.

Author Biographies

Zh. Zh. Chunetova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics
K. K. Shulembayeva, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics
A. I. Zhussupova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics
B. Omarova, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050038, Kazakhstan
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics

References

1. Luk’yanenko P.P. Selection of rust resistant varieties of winter wheat // Seed breeding. – 1968. – P. 10-18.

2. Khvostova V.V, Yachevskaya G.L. Rearrangements of chromosomes in meiosis // Cytology and genetics of meiosis. – M.: Nauka, 1975. – P. 232-263.

3. Larchenko E.A., Morgun V.V. Comparative analysis of genetic variability plant in the mutagenic treatment generative cells and maize seeds // Cytology and Genetics. – 2000. – Vol.34, No.4. – P. 17-19.

4. Rapoport I.A. Discovery of chemical mutagenesis // Selected Works. – M.: Nauka, 1993. – P. 304.

5. Salnikova T.V., Amelkina N.F. Mutagenic activity of ethylene diamine on soft wheat depending on the impact of the exposure. Post II. Violations chromosome mitotic activity of the cells // Cytology and Genetics. – 2000. – Vol. 34, No.4. – P. 141-147.

6. Pausheva Z.P. Retainer: composition and use. Workshop on plant cytology. – M.: Kolos, 1970. – P. 62- 67.

7. Dospehov V.A. Methods of field experience. – M.: Agropromizdat, 1985. – 351 p.

8. Plohinsky N.A. Mathematical methods in biology. – M.: Kolos, 1970. – P. 102-115.
How to Cite
CHUNETOVA, Zh. Zh. et al. Mutagenic activity of cadmium chloride on the genetic variability of soft wheat. International Journal of Biology and Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 56-59, dec. 2015. ISSN 2409-370X. Available at: <http://ijbch.kaznu.kz/index.php/kaznu/article/view/191>. Date accessed: 20 oct. 2017.
Section
Biology

Keywords

mutagenic activity; cadmium chloride; soft wheat varieties