Information for Authors

The Editorial Board accepts previously unpublished papers on the scientific directions of the journal, checking for plagiarism and authorship is required.  The paper in electronic format (.doc, .docx) is downloaded through the journal website (Editorial Manager).

Font size – 12 (abstract, key words, literature, text of tables – 11), font – Times New Roman, alignment to the width, interval – single, paragraph indent – 1 cm, page margins: upper and lower – 2 cm, left and right – 2 cm.

Figures, tables, graphs, diagrams, etc. are presented directly in the text, indicated by numbering and title (eg. Figure 1 – Name). After the illustration comes its description (short conclusion).  All illustrative material, except tables, is additionally provided in jpeg format. The amount of figures, tables, graphs and diagrams should not exceed 20% of the total volume of the paper (in some cases up to 30%).

The volume of the paper (excluding title, information on authors, annotation, key words, references) should make up to 1 800-7 000 words.  Though preferences are given to the research papers, review papers are excepted as well; they should be written in the field of authors research interest and include the results of own research.

 The structure of the paper:

 1. The first line is UDC; the alignment is to the left, bold.

 2. The title of the paper should be brief, informative, without any abbreviations. The optimal length of the title is 5-7 words (in some cases 10-12). Bold, lowercase, centered.

 3. The author (s) of the paper – Initials and surnames, affiliation, cities, countries, e-mail (indicate with *). Regular. Centered.  Not more than 8 people; participating foreign authors should be included.

 4. Abstract: 300-500 words, including

- Introduction to the research topic.

- Purpose, main directions and ideas of scientific research.

- Brief description of the scientific and practical significance of the work.

- Brief description of the research methodology.

- Main results and analysis, conclusions of research work.

- Value of the research conducted (contribution of this work to the relevant field of knowledge).

- Practical significance of the results.

 5. Key words – 5–8 words, word combinations are allowed.

 6. Introduction consists of the following main elements:

- Justification of the choice of topic; the actuality of the topic or problem.  In substantiating the choice of the topic based on the description of the experience of predecessors, a problem is reported (absence of any studies, appearance of a new object, etc.).  The relevance of the topic is determined by the general interest in the study of this object, lack of precise answers to existing questions; it is proved by theoretical or practical significance of the topic.

- Definition of an object, subject, goals, tasks, methods, approaches, hypotheses and significance of your work. The purpose of the study is related to the proof of the thesis, that is, the presentation of the subject of research in the author's chosen aspect.

 7. Material and methods – should consist of description of materials and work progress, as well as a complete description of the methods used (with references on classical works).

This section describes how the problem was studied: detailed information without repeating previously published established procedures; identification of equipment (software) and the description of materials are used, with the obligatory introduction of novelty when using materials and methods.

The scientific methodology should include:

- research question(s);

- put forward hypothesis (thesis);

- stages of research;

- methods of research;

- statistical processing of the results.

 8. In the Results and their discussion section, you analyze and discuss the results of your research.

Conclusions are given on the results obtained during the research, the main essence is revealed.  In this section, it is necessary to analyze the results of the work and discuss relevant results in comparison with previous works, analyzes and conclusions.  Including the previous results of your own works (with citations).

 9. Conclusion – summarizing the work at this stage: confirming the truth of the assertion made by the author, and the author's conclusion about the change in scientific knowledge, taking into account the results obtained. The conclusions should not be abstract; they should be used to generalize the results of research in a particular scientific field, with possibilities for further work being described.

The structure of conclusion should contain the following questions: What are the aims and methods of the study? What are the results? What are the conclusions? What are the prospects and opportunities for implementing, applying the development?

10. Acknowledgment, where applicable, including sources of research funding.

11. References should include at least 18 titles, not less than 50% of which in English. In the case of the presence of works listed in Cyrillic, it is necessary to apply translit (

 References are made in square brackets, indicating the numbering as the cited works appear in the text

 Formatted in accordance with Chicago Style (

 In this section it is necessary to take into account:

- Avoid excessive self-citation - at the same time, it is desirable to indicate main works that you published on this research topic.

- Avoid excessive references to publications of CIS/USSR authors.

- The bibliography should contain the fundamental and most relevant scientific publications (preferably in highly ranked journals) by prominent foreign authors and researchers on the topic of the paper along with advanced research methods used in this field of science, on which the author's work is based.

12. All papers are preliminarily checked by the antiplagiat system, consequently evaluated by the editor-in-chief and subsequently reviewed. The total reviewing process might take up to two months. The authors of the articles are informed on acceptance prior to publication.

13. Published twice a year (November, May); free of charge; open access (  Accessible in electronic and limited print forms.